The present post summarizes a review that relates the last decade’s findings on the relationship between phenolics and polysaccharides from grapes, throughout the entire winemaking process up to evaluating the impact of their relationship on the red wine sensory perception. The combination and interconnection of the most recent research studies, from single interactions in model wines to the investigation of the formation of complex macromolecules, brings the perfect story line to relate the relationship between phenolics and polysaccharides from the vineyard to the glass. Grape pectin is highly reactive toward grape and grape derived phenolics. Differences between grape cultivars or changes during grape ripeness will affect the extractability of these compounds into the wines. Therefore, the nature of the grape components will be crucial to understand the subsequent reactions occurring between phenolics and polysaccharide of the corresponding wines. It has been demonstrated that they can form very complex macromolecules which affect wine color, stability and sensory properties.
VINEAS is a collaborative platform that brings actors and projects together and allows for knowledge and solutions sharing. It also provides methodological support for the Vine & Wine actors willing to search and share knowledge and initiatives around climate change challenges.
Although wine has been produced for several thousands of years, the ancient beverage has remained popular and even more affordable in modern times. Among all wine making regions, Bordeaux, France is probably one of the most prestigious wine areas in history. Since hundreds of wines are produced from Bordeaux each year, humans are not likely to be able to examine all wines across multiple vintages to define the characteristics of outstanding 21st century Bordeaux wines. Wineinformatics is a newly proposed data science research with an application domain in wine to process a large amount of wine data through the computer. This post summarizes the results of a study carried out with the goal of this paper is to build a high-quality computational model on wine reviews processed by the full power of the Computational Wine Wheel to understand 21st century Bordeaux wines. The model build in this research can better distinguish outstanding and class 21st century Bordeaux wines. Results provides new directions in Wineinformatics for technical research in data science, such as regression, multi-target, classification and domain specific research, including wine region terroir analysis, wine quality prediction, and weather impact examination.
This post reports the results of study where fermentations were performed using simulated grape juice supplemented with terpene glycosides (TGs), extracted from Vitis vinifera L. Meili, and phenolic acids (gallic acid or p-coumaric acid). Free terpenes were detected using solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC–MS) every day during the fermentation, and the aromas of final wines were evaluated by panelists. Results showed that phenolic acids remarkably inhibited TG hydrolysis and free terpene volatilization, and affected wine aroma perception. These findings indicate that the matrix effect of phenolic acids can effectively control the release and modulate the global feature of wine aromas. See all at: http://science-and-wine.com/
Polyphenols are a diverse group of compounds of utter importance to wine quality. Current understanding of the polyphenolic composition in wine is well elaborated, however, recent studies continuously report novel findings involving them. It is evident that synergistic approaches between emerging analytical platforms in combination with advanced multivariate data analysis will be considered the spearheads toward fraud detection and the provision of authentic wines.
This post describes a tandem absorbance and fluorescence detection following liquid chromatography (LC-DAD-FLD) method for the determination of 32 phenolic compounds (PCs) in winemaking industry derived products. The applicability of the method was verified by the suitable quantification of analytes in complex samples of wine, bunch stem and grape cane extracts. The developed LC-DAD-FLD approach is highly recommended for processing large sets of samples in routine quality control of extracts or during characterization studies.
This post summarizes a review paper that highlights some useful novel approaches to control Brettanomyces spp. during winemaking, allowing the producers to follow the “hurdle concept” and to minimize wine sensory changes.
This is the last post of 2019. The second year of Science & Wine existence, time for a brief reflection. This was a great year!
This is the post number 100. One hundred of weekends that I spend writing, reading, illustrating, editing and publishing the posts. The time that I spent do it is just part of the time I stole to the family, special to my youngest daughter, so today I decided to involve her in this project. The illustration is her authorship.
The use of non-Saccharomyces yeasts in enology has increased since the beginning of the current century because of the potential improvements they can produce in wine sensory quality. Several review articles have described the potential of some non-Saccharomyces species and the suitable criteria to select them according to the effects of the species on wine color, aroma, body or structure.