The environmental sustainability of wine packaging alternatives

The bag-in-box is the preferable alternative, followed by the aseptic cartons that had only slightly worse environmental performances. Compared to single use glass bottles, the impacts of bag-in-box were from 60% to 90% lower. Therefore, in order to improve the wine packaging sustainability without substituting glass for wine packaging, a glass bottle reuse program is a convenient alternative only when considering the local market. The study provides useful indications for industry and government stakeholders seeking out new strategies for enhancing the sustainability of the wine life cycle as well as it contributes to counter the prejudice that glass packaging would be more sustainable than plastic or multilayer packaging.

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